“We have some winter frosts, north-facing slopes, 1500mm annual rainfall, heavy clay soils, are subject to rare easterly turbulence but no salt burn. • be hardy; Best firewood I know of is drooping sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata) which they once used to drive the Murray river steamers. Eucalyptus Nitens grown in Ireland for firewood and biomass. Eric’s favourite is Acacia dealbata (silver wattle). The Eucalyptus nitens plantation was just over 4 years old and the trees are 12m in height already! 2. • your soil type/s. If I was nervous about future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large. CENTRAL OTAGO Wendy Evans – Wellington/Horowhenua Tree Crops Association. The other drawback is availability. The hybrid cypresses are great for firewood – you can shave off kindling thinner than cardboard. Others who live in a region where eucalyptus is prevalent have used the firewood for years, have not had any issues and love it. Additionally, samples for DNA comparison were taken from the truck: slice of wood from E. nitens tree (EN219) and stem still attached to E. globulus 000829320734 tree in truck (EG2023). The oils in the wood along with the ability to create an intense flame has led some wood stove distributers or chimney sweeps to recommend not burning the wood. Strong healthy trees with good root growth establish quickly and will require minimal if any aftercare. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. Denis Hockings – farm forester, Bulls. He says the best species for any block, anywhere in NZ, depends on five factors: It tends to die out with root rot after about 10 years but produces excellent resinous firewood after 3-4 years, and the pigeons, tui, and bellbirds love it.”, AUCKLAND – NORTH John & Colleen Brown – Tree Crops Association, Northern region, Why John and Colleen Brown don’t like gums. We first started growing Eucalyptus in 2000 and, bitten by the bug, we now produce them on a much larger scale. A regime that has worked well for E. nitens being grown for veneer logs is as follows: Age 1 and 2 Form prune the most vigorous 300sph to remove double leaders and steep-angled branches. The key is planting trees that do well in your region. Grape prunings have taken the place of pine cones for a fire starter. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. • burn cleanly. However, some are finding that around 40% of the cut stumps fail to regenerate. The long, thin, glossy green foliage is joined by white f lowers from January to March. In its natural habitat, the climate is cool to warm, or humid to subhumid, with the mild summers rarely having very high temperatures. Eucalyptus nitens… Page: 1 2 Next >> Sponsored links Back to top. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. So make sure your good on that (fireplace screens and that type of stuff). Interestingly the year I started my Eucalyptus business, 2018 which was exceptionally hot ! Quick view ... Brown Barrel / Eucalyptus Fastigata - 25 Seeds! Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and … Hello, I am delighted to have come across your blog article. Disadvantages: Borer will attack barked areas when stored creating dusty/dirty firewood, too many suckers after harvesting can be a problem. As a result, eucalyptus is not a wood that most homeowners would choose for a wood-burning stove used for cooking. It tolerates cool wet conditions but absolutely thrives in hot dry conditions too. They should all have a sign around their trunks when planted that says ‘I must be harvested before I turn 5’. The bonus is that it has very attractive timber, should you have enough large trees for milling by age 15-20.”. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. So you know eucalyptus is good. You could plant it at 2-4m centres, as single species and then thin out to allow the better ones to grow fatter. It has a pleasant perfume, is not palatable to stock, and makes a special honey. It was very noticeable that the Nitens grew very quickly to start with when the temperature was average in late spring, but then slowed down considerably, and more or less stopped growing when the temperature got into the mid 40°C range. I have been on my property four years now, and this winter I have enough kindling and small wood from our own supply of prunings. The juvenile stems are particularly interesting ! If you have an average size lifestyle block (4ha/10 acres) and don’t want to plant a forest, you still don’t need to plant out a specific firewood block. Detailing Gunnii, Nitens and Viminalis. Eucalyptus nitens. Subsequently, wood transverse slices from the seized eucalyptus logs morphologically identified as being E. globulus and E. nitens found in the trucks were collected for dendrochronology comparison. Oh, and pohutukawa honey is the best. E. nitens. Eucalyptus are … add to cart. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. I took his advice and since then have planted about 150 fruit, nut and fodder trees. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. “I would have a range of species and include Eucalyptus microcorys (healthier roots) plus E. meulleriana, E. macrorhyncha, (stringy barks), E. fastigata (healthy everywhere although not ground durable), and perhaps E. bosistoana (durable and hard). Here’s a video of a forest of Nitens in Southern Australia. 4. My personal experience of Nitens has been that they enjoy hydration and after improving the soil with diluted milk Kefir they really started to enjoy themselves  Eucalyptus Nitens as it likes to drink, they didn’t enjoy the drought of 2018 A great tree for wet areas in Ireland, the photo below is from a mature Nitens forest in New Zealand planted in a boggy gully. Plump kereru browse its lush foliage on a frosty winter’s day, hanging heavily in the branches. Root pathogens that might affect eucalypts probably won’t attack the cypresses, although the cypresses can be vulnerable to windthrow (where tree are uprooted or broken by high winds) and I’ve had a patch of mine topple in an easterly storm. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. Uses and applications. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. Eucalyptus have a much higher density than willow or poplar so these will produce longer burning logs and complement the other species well. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens doesn’t coppice all that reliably. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood. And I still like E. saligna, it is a great coppicer, has red, moderately durable timber and is fairly shade-tolerant. Also known as shinning gum because the adult trees have bright light coloured bark. . TARANAKI-CENTRAL DISTRICTS The spring growth brings kereru and, being a legume, the roots are nitrogen-fixing. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. A fast-growing tall, straight tree. The redwoods and cryptomeria seem more resistant to wind damage, and of course, redwood is another excellent coppicing species. Most of my customers are a bit sceptical of Nitens when they see the young trees, as they do look unusual  As above though, they grow into exceptional trees very quickly. There was one exception LOL and to start with I thought it was a rough plant, but it’s definitely a Nitens  Pictured below, about ten weeks from germination ! Tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis, also known as tree lucerne). very fast growth, has extraordinary vigour when grown in clays or moist loams, ... timber, firewood, honey production, p.. $1.80 . Eucalyptus nitens Myrtaceae (Deane et Maiden) Maiden ECOLOGY E. nitens occurs in the hills and valleys in mountain areas, sometimes as small pure stands and often forming part of a mosaic of Eucalyptus species. Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. Growth rates of over 2m per year in ideal conditions. The pictures show our last original tree, recently felled. I would suggest a mix of low-density wood for kindling and starting fires and high-density wood for slower burning and more heat. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Fast-growing, gorgeous timber and firewood tree, coppices well after 5 years. A good species for firewood as it coppices well (resprouts after cutting); also used for very fast shelter (5m in two years on fertile sites) and pulpwood. Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) is similar but taller and grows in clay. Of course, you can always throw on some citrus rind or rosemary to give a more powerful scent if you prefer. Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. “I’d also interplant some acacias (eg, A. elata, A. falciformis, A. melanoxylon, A. dealbata) but not the very weedy ones. “If you have animals to feed, tagasaste makes both great drought forage and fuelwood although for firewood, it is best not to prune it. Eucalyptus nitens - PB3/4 (50/60) - Shining Gum. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. It’s not that flash as firewood, quickly gets out of hand, and – should I be desperate – it is readily available from commercial forests (with a permit). Eucalyptus firewood is known for burning very hot. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. They can however be pollarded or cut down completely for logs. Plant at 1667 per hectare and after 4 years you’ll be able to thin out with a good harvest. Description. "Eucalyptus are our thing! Is very susceptible to sawfly, ophilemus and leaf lerp although some bio-control is now available with parasites. Initially these trials were wide ranging, though it was quickly established that Eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber. Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. Eucalyptus: Doubts, Creeds, Myths, Facts e Realities Part 02: The opinion of the "favorable interested parties" As I have already said in the past edition of the Eucalyptus Newsletter, the Eucalyptus trees are able to bring emotions that travel from the most pure love and admiration to the most warm positions against their planting. Eucalyptus nitens (PLUG grown) Shining gum Ht 40-50m Mountains of Victoria. WAIKATO To grow fine timber trees, these should be close planted and then progressively thinned out (hence the fuelwood) to at least 10-12m spacings. The tallest self-seeded sapling is 4.5m at two years of age. “I read all the coppicing articles and planted scores of different timber species 20-25 years ago, so am now well qualified to give advice!”. They burn really well and have desirable timber so they are worth pruning up. I am currently looking into best practices; for example, best time of year for regrowth purposes and I am looking into production of eucalyptus oil. “There is a lot of light under a thinned eucalypt canopy. Buy Now. The sap is very thin and if weathered outside for a season the wood is ready for burning. Ditto A. decurrens. “I would plant coppicing species, but also some that don’t easily regenerate. Most of the above-mentioned species will coppice quite well. “For wetter soils, there is nothing wrong with poplar. They have attractive timber in their own right. The wood burns very hot – and the leaves very hot – creating long lasting embers and little ash. And oak is one of the most sought after firewoods. The timber produced by eucalyptus fastigata is gorgeous, making it a suitable choice for furniture. But best of all I think is Eucalyptus botrioides, but where the first four are frost-tolerant, E. botrioides is a coastal tree and prefers good drainage.  All gums must be fed and weeded or they will die. This species of eucalyptus is evergreen and hardy. I am ready to harvest my first lot any time now. These cookies do not store any personal information. Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. Any pieces not suitable for woodworking are fantastic firewood, and the rest makes great mulch. Eucalyptus nitens and Coppicing Summarised from an article by I C Boyer Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) has been promoted as the tree to provide us with a perpetual firewood supply. “For those keen on oaks, there are now many species of evergreen Mexican oaks readily available. My advice is to grow different eucalyptus. They should: Twenty years ago we planted 30 Eucalyptus nitens, dividing them between the flat and the hill above. Advantages: propagated from poles for free, very even, straight, quick growth, easy to fell, split and stack, coppicing allows harvest every three years, dries quickly and borer doesn’t seem to attack the stored wood, very easy to mulch the branchlets, foliage good as stock food. The sheep eat all the leaves and small twigs and chew off the tender bark. The long-time Tree Crops expert planted most of his block in specialty timber trees, which means he also gets a range of beautiful firewood thanks to thinning and windfall branches. The metre stick is against the trunk, 4m from ground level. “If you want a predominantly deciduous woodlot, you can include Japanese or hybrid larch which has a splash of autumn and winter colour, cones for kindling and is light enough underneath in winter to support bluebells and daffodils. The awakening of dormant buds at leaf and branch nodes. The product photo shows the growth of a Eucalyptus Nitens about 15 months old. So what is this multipurpose gem, originally from the Canary Islands and now naturalised in NZ since the early 1900s? Each of my trees has multiple purposes, and firewood is simply the end use of them all. Half the timescale of Ash. Acacias can also be good early spring pollen for bees. They are a fascinating, beautiful, versatile, and highly evolved group of trees and our mission is to help people select the right Eucalyptus tree for … Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. Return them to me, and I will. • grow fast; Eucalyptus nitens, commonly known as shining gum or silvertop, is a species of tall tree native to Victoria and eastern New South Wales. No Reserve. I’d avoid the weedy species like sycamore and black wattle, and exotic ‘bird food’ berry species which are invariably weedy (eg cherry, holly, berberis, cotoneaster, eleagnus, hawthorn). Among the top options for denser wood, I would nominate the denser acacias. eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. Busy bees and bellbirds flit between its flowers in the summer. • the size of your block; I can’t find much to disagree on with Eric Cairns. If you have a hectare or two of trees for forestry or horticulture, you won’t need to plant much specifically for firewood. This tree self-sows, establishes and grows quickly, and copes with drought, frost, cold, wet and acidic conditions. These shade-intolerant natives are renowned for their firewood properties and will self-regenerate, producing harvestable material within 10 or so years. • not grow too large, should you not get around to harvesting it soon enough; As you can see from the photo above, and below, Nitens grow straight and if planted in a close pattern and then thinned out will produce branch free trunks, with only the canopy of lush leaves. The acacias would provide nitrogen and leaf litter to help breakdown the eucalypt leaves and bark and are capable of growing under a eucalypt canopy. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. eucalyptus ovata - swamp gum. Eucalyptus has a fresh, distinctive scent that many enjoy in an open fire. I prefer A. mearnsii or black wattle, but it does have weed potential, it’s very fast-growing. Colleen: Poplars (Tasman, Yunnanensis) It’s very dense, splits well, burns cleanly, but is rather slow growing. The blueish juvenile leaves lengthen with age and the tree will grow to perhaps 60 metres. Acacia mearnsii or black wattle is good firewood, and its copious spring flowers provide pollen for bees, but it may become a weed problem. Peter Syms – NZ Tree Crops Association, Nelson. As we have an open fire, no doubt this winter I will be learning which wood sparks and which burns well with the bark still on, but I am also looking forward to discovering the different smells of burning cherry, or apple, or hickory (hazelnut). And the firewood from brown barrel gum produces hot and lasting fires. “First, I would not plant radiata pine. Why not occupy some of the understorey space with advance regeneration of a cypress such as a Leyland hybrid or C. ovensii. WELLINGTON – HOROWHENUA Buy Now. On the other hand, it tolerates harsh, dry, exposed sites, and male trees are attractive in the autumn. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. • your local climate; Plant the right trees and they can do double duty, like firewood, and shelter, amenity, and/or habitat. WEST COAST Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. Browse and purchase our Eucalyptus nitens and other products online or instore at Southern Woods. $105.00. Excellent shelter and firewood species. Grow Your Own Firewood A selection of our faster growing Eucalyptus species suitable for growing in different environments in the UK, chosen for their ability to produce an excellent crop of high quality fuel in a relatively short period of time; between 5-12yrs for first harvest. However, both of these trees take many years to be mature for cutting. Manuka is not a tall tree so it’s easy to fell and it is not difficult to cut the slash from the firewood. eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. Eucalyptus botyroides The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. Eucalyptus nitens occupies the largest area of any eucalypt species in New Zealand, thanks to its suitability for high-quality pulp. Buy Now. • split easily; NELSON However, the aroma of burning eucalyptus has also been described as "medicinal," which can alter the flavor of baked goods and other foods. We are a international supplier of New Zealand Native & Exotic Tree & Shrub seed, NZ Native Ornamental Grasses, Tussocks & Smaller Plant seeds • be at least medium density; We cut big branches of tagasaste in late winter and early spring as nourishing fodder for ewes during lambing. “It grows much faster than its cousin Acacia melanoxylon, has similar density, attractive flowers in spring, and the birds don’t spread the seed. Its form is desirable, with a straight bole up to two-thirds the height of the tree.
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