Philosophy of religion RS (religious studies) revision section covering the arguments for an existence of God, Arguments for the existence of God, Attributes of God, Life After Death, Miracles and Religious … A vivid vignette of the nature of these overlapping and competing philosophies is to be found in the account of the Apostle Paul’s address at the Areopagitica in Athens, as recorded in the Acts of the Apostles. (For defense of this stance, see, e.g., Swinburne 1977, chaps. This series of eight lectures delivered by Dr T. J. Mawson at the University of Oxford in Hilary … Some other new arguments … beliefs. They should be read as such. developed by human beings. nature of religious belief. This study will also take note of the In light of his distinctive philosophical approach, using a method that is dialectical and historical, Hegel offers a radical reinterpretation of the meaning of Christianity and its characteristic doctrines. but it presumes faith. Augustine’s alteration of Platonic thought shows that such thinkers did not take over Greek ideas uncritically; indeed, they may be seen as using Greek ideas to elucidate and defend scriptural teaching against pagan attack. Confronted by Stoics, Epicureans, and no doubt others, Paul attempted to identify their “unknown God” with the God and Father of Jesus Christ. beliefs and not empirical claims. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Philosophy of Religion is rational thought about religious issues and concerns without a presumption of the existence of a deity or reliance on acts of faith. The normal entry requirement is an honours degree, equivalent to a British BA honours degree (2.1 or higher), in a relevant humanities or social science subject. Philosophy has its basis in reason. Aquinas’s grand achievement was to wed Aristotelian methods and ideas with the Augustinian tradition of viewing philosophy as an ally rather than an opponent of religion, thus providing a new philosophical direction for Christian theology. Philosophy of religion, discipline concerned with the philosophical appraisal of human religious attitudes and of the real or imaginary objects of those attitudes, God or the gods. Philosophers and theologians of the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation looked upon Scholasticism as a highly sophisticated but needlessly speculative welding of pagan philosophy and Christian theology that tended to obscure authentic Christian themes. All Rights reserved. Proceed to the next section by clicking here> because that idea is central to the religions of the West. by Richard Gray and Karl Lawson | 24 Oct 2016. He won the Philosophical Quarterly Essay Prize in 2007, the Templeton Award for Theological Promise in 2008 and the Excellence in Philosophy of Religion Prize in 2011. the approach of philosophy to the study of religion and belief. A major theme among philosophers of religion in the West has been that of God, including questions about the nature and existence of God, challenges to the existence of God, language about God, and so on. The philosophy of religion is an integral part of philosophy as such and embraces central issues regarding the nature and extent of human knowledge, the ultimate character of reality, and the foundations of morality. Theologians begin with a set of beliefs as foundational In the 17th century the philosophy of religion was taken in new directions by René Descartes in France and John Locke in England. productions of scientists and philosophers will put the reader in a better is Philosophy of Religion? Philosophy of religion is "the philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions." Staff. For Aristotle, the first cause was the unmoved mover, a being which set the universe into motion without itself being in motion,[4] which has been read as God, particularly when Aristotle's work became prevalent again in the Medieval West. Plato’s student Aristotle (384–322 bce) developed his own metaphysical theory of the first, or unmoved, mover of the universe, which many of his interpreters have identified with God.
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