All information appearing on this site has been precisely and thoroughly researched, nevertheless should you notice any errors, please do notify us via email. You will learn something about everything! Neither! They have been known to throw their bodies on top of snakes, killing them by cutting them with the sharp edges of their shells, according to the San Diego Zoo. They are also among the few mammals that can lay eggs. The armadillo babies are born without the bony plates. Like an armadillo, glyptodon had a head and tail that protruded from a large shell. These scales are made from keratin, a protein also found in hair and nails. Armadillo Facts – Characteristics. If an armadillo is tossed into deep water, it sinks, then comes to the surface and swims with an awkward dog-paddle stroke. The smallest species is just 5 – 6 in. They rarely share their burrows with other armadillos. Armadillos can be found in forested areas throughout Central and South America. The armadillo with its protective turtle-like shell may appear to be a slow and clumsy creature. Due to their lack of fat stores, most armadillos stick to areas closer to the equator because they like temperate to warm areas. They are weaned by two to four months. 19. Armadillos are found in several colors, including black, gray, yellow, brown or pink. However their body has been adapted to their surroundings in the process of evolution. There are 20 species of armadillos – only one of which lives in North America. They are closely related to anteaters and sloths. Scientists think that the shell is more for thermoregulation. The giant armadillos that reach 59 inches can have up to 100 teeth. The Chlamyphoridae and Dasypodidae are the only surviving families in the order, which is part of the superorder Xenarthra, along with the anteaters and sloths. Wedged into the sands of Barrio La Flecha in Ezeiza, Greater Buenos Aires was hidden a shell of the extinct armadillo-like animals which roamed South America pre-Ice Age. Pups mature quickly. Armadillo shells are bulletproof The armadillo's hard shell is called a carapace and is made of bone and a tough tissue coating. The largest are the giant armadillos, which are about the size of a small pig. The largest species grows nearly 5 ft. long, and weighs up to 119 lbs. Armadillos are the last survival Pleistocene mammals on earth. Armadillos sleep anywhere from 16-18 hours per day! The word armadillo means "little armoured one" in Spanish. Interesting Facts About the Armadillo The shell is actually fragile and pretty flexible. They can be pink, red, black, gray or yellow. Nine-banded Armadillo Facts Contrary to popular belief, the nine-banded armadillo can not roll itself into a ball to escape predators!! During the morning and evenings, they forage for food. The armadillo has a very hard and scaly outer shell that covers its head, back, tail and legs to protect it from most predators. Sometimes, a seven-banded armadillo will share its burrow with others of the same gender, though. The nine-banded armadillo ranges from Argentina to the southern United States, according to the Animal Diversity Web (ADW) at the University of Michigan. The smallest is known as the pink fairy armadillo, which is about the size of a chipmunk. Armadillos of the genus Dasypus give birth to four genetically identical young that … There are 21 species of armadillo, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Interesting Armadillo Facts: They vary in size, from 5-59 inches in length to 3-120 pounds in weight. It is however in fact quite athletic and can run, dig, and swim. Armadillos sleep anywhere from 16-18 hours per day! The largest are the giant armadillos Even at what time 1st born they comprise rough, chewy skin. They are able to float on the water by filling their lungs and stomach … The screaming hairy armadillo gets it name from the sound it makes when threatened. What’s their armour made of? Armadillos are omnivores, which means they eat meat and plants, though 90 percent of an armadillo’s diet is made up of insects and larvae, according to the Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management. They are also known as the “Hillbilly Speed Bump” for their tendency to get run over by vehicles. From one egg there are 4 baby armadillos! In the wild, armadillo’s life spans range from 4-7 years. Armadillo - Photo: mlorenz/Shutterstock Pupils are welcome to use this information at school for animal profiles, fact sheets, essays, work sheets, presentations, posters or homework. Due to their poor immune system, armadillos are often used in studying diseases such as leprosy. long, and weighs less than a pound! Some people eat armadillos and claim it tastes like pork. Armadillo babies are born after a gestation period of 2 to 5 months depending upon the species. But it is not as tough or strong as the shell of an adult armadillo. Other armadillos are too unwieldy to pull off this trick and prefer to escape predators by simply running away or, like the nine-banded armadillo, executing a sudden vertical leap three or four feet into the air. The shell helps protect the armadillo from predators and to protect it from the spiky undergrowth that it lives in. Armadillos are sexually central-aged at nine – twelve months of age. 7 – Armadillos come in many different sizes, from the smallest, the ‘Pink Fairy’ at about 5 inches (13cm) long and 85g in weight, to the largest, not surprisingly the ‘Giant’, at up to five foot (150cm) long and around 60kg (132lb). The armored shell consists of overlapping scales known as scutes. The smallest is known as the pink fairy armadillo, which is about the size of a chipmunk. It is very common in Texas to run over a 9-banded Armadillo while driving hence the name “hillbilly speed bump”. They have a thick leathery “shell” of skin, which protects them from predators. Giant armadillos are the largest species, and are about 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, according to National Geographic. With their long, sticky tongue, armadillos catch ants, beetles, termites and other insects after digging them out of the ground. Press J to jump to the feed. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Baby armadillos are called pups. Defensive – Armadillos just like all other animals protected by a shell, are very defensive. It can dig some really deep burrows that are roughly 8 inches wide, 7 feet deep, and 25 feet long. Most armadillos stick to areas closer to the equator because they like temperate to warm areas due to their lack of fat stores. Armadillos can hold their breath underwater for almost six minutes, and can swim across ponds and rivers.They tore air in trachea and wide bronchus. In fact, the closest relatives to an armadillo would be sloth & anteaters. Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd looking creatures. In fact, only the three-banded armadillo can, curling its head and back feet and contorting its shell into a hard ball that confounds would-be predators. Facts: Development for armadillos usually lasts four months, following to which time 1 – 2 young are natural. They develop after a few weeks, with the soft skin turning into the hard armor we know of. 2. Their eyesight is poor, so they hunt with a highly developed sense of smell. Armadillos are like mammals and give birth to young ones and wean them with milk like any other mammals. The shell helps protect the armadillo from predators and to protect it from the spiky undergrowth that it lives in . Their digging capabilities help them find food to eat – namely insects, as well as small mammals, roots, and fruit . Usually, the only time armadillos get together is to mate or to keep warm. The armadillo is the only mammal to have a shell. When the swim is over, it ma… Six banded armadillo questions and answers. During cold times, a group of armadillos may hunker down in a burrow together to share body heat. A baby armadillo has a soft leathery shell that does not harden until it grows to adult size. I was a little skeptical of this fact. 2 years ago. Aside from just digging, armadillos have a fantastic sense of smell to find their food. 30 Interesting Facts About Giant Anteaters That You Didn't Know. © 2020 The Fact Site | All Rights Reserved | Sitemap, The Fact Site requires you to enable Javascript to browse our website. The giant armadillo is considered vulnerable because its population has decreased by at least 30 percent in the past 21 years. Their digging capabilities help them find food to eat – namely insects, as well as small mammals, roots, and fruit. © Armadillos were named by Spanish explorers – the name literally means “little armored thing.”. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/armadillos 6. The massive armadillo is the major of all armadillos. Armadillos sleep anywhere from 16-18 hours per day! Should you see one keep away because if one crosses you, you'll be cursed for life. I was out in a field where they had some cattle and the dove were few and far between. Armadillos that carry the bacteria that cause leprosy now live over a much larger range of the South than they did just a few years ago, a new study suggests. Armadillos have pointy snouts and long, sticky tongues, similar to anteaters, which are close cousins. I'm 100% certain they are NOT bullet proof. This makes digging for food and creating burrows easier. Useful though it may be on most occasions, the heavy shell is a definite handicap around water. There was a problem. When a frightened three-banded armadillo curls up into a ball, it often leaves a space open. In its lifetime, an armadillo can have up to 56 young over the course of her life. These cute creatures live in grasslands, rainforests, and semi-arid locations. Here are some facts about this super cute little animal. Why Do We Eat Pumpkin Pie At Thanksgiving? You will receive a verification email shortly. Giant armadillos are the largest species, and are about 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, according to National Geographic. It is a simple and less intelligent animal. Most of these are pretty ordinary, e.g the ‘Northern Naked-tailed’, Cabassous Centralis, ‘Southern Three-banded’, Tolypeutes matacus, ‘Big Hairy’ (yes, really! Armadillo shells are bulletproof. It also has long nails that enable it … Surprisingly enough, armadillos can run up to 30mph (48km/h)! The armadillo shell is made out of bone that grows directly from their vertebrae. They usually sleep up to 16 hours each day in burrows, according to National Geographic. Armadillos can be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in … Armadillo is actually a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd-looking creatures. For the 2014 World Cup, an armadillo was the mascot – an accurate representation considering it is the one species that can roll up into a ball! According to the San Diego Zoo, twin births are common. In 2000, the body of a nine-banded armadillo was found in central Illinois, according to ADW. Found across the globe, there are over 200 species of sea urchin and new ones are being found even today. User account menu. They are also often associated with Halloween, but how did this all start in the first place? It’s actually made of keratin. Just because the armadillo babies are called pup doesn’t mean that they have got anything to do with dogs. Here are 12 interesting facts about armadillos: There are twenty different varieties of Armadillo. What do they eat? When they need to cross a large body of water, armadillos can gulp air into their intestines in order to become more buoyant. 06 October 2015. This armadillo, also known as the long-nosed armadillo, has a hard outer shell, and I wanted to find out how it used it to its advantage. For their shell and their meat and because farmers view them as a pest. Here are 12 interesting facts about armadillos: There are twenty different varieties of Armadillo. It is so hard and durable that it can deflect a bullet…as one unlucky Texas man discovered the hard way when he was hospitalized after being hit in the jaw with a bullet that ricocheted off the armadillo he shot. Armadillos have a wide range of colors. The Portuguese word for "armadillo" is tatu which is derived from the Tupi language. Usually, armadillos prefer sandy or loam soils that are loose and porous. These scales are made from keratin, a protein also found in hair and nails. Armadillo traits and characteristics. Armadillos meaning "little armoured ones" in Spanish are New World placental mammals in the order Cingulata. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Black cats are well-known for being bad luck. Armadillo facts: Interesting facts about Armadillos. Incredible Armadillo Facts. One species in particular - the nine-banded armadillo - has made its way into the southern United States, and is the focus of this page. The armadillo shell is made out of bone that grows directly from their vertebrae. Pink Fairy Armadillo also known as pichiciego. The name comes from the Spanish “armado” which means “armoured”. Although most armadillo species look like they are bald, they do have wiry hairs on the sides and the belly. The pink colour of their shell is due to a network of blood vessels underneath, which can be seen through the armor. In fact, its name in Spanish means “little armored one.” The armadillo’s armor works well against most predators, but not against cars. I was watching an armadillo nosing his (or her) way in my direction. This is in fact its self-defense mechanism aimed at scaring away potential predators. There are 21 species of armadillo, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). You can eat armadillo, called “possum on the half-shell,” or, during the Great Depression, “Hoover hogs.” They are said to taste somewhat like pork. Surprisingly, armadillos are good swimmers, and can hold their breath for up to 6 minutes. It is one of the desert friendly animals. Interesting Armadillo Facts: They vary in size, from 5-59 inches in length to 3-120 pounds in weight. The pink fairy armadillo has a slightly different strategy and uses its shell to plug the entrance of its burrow so nothing can get in. Color ranges for armadillos vary between dark brown, black, red, gray, or even yellow! 1 – There are around 20 or so living species of armadillo, almost all of which are named, with a staggering lack of imagination, for aspects of their appearance. Some armadillos are very small, while others are huge. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Armadillo facts: Interesting facts about Armadillos. To increase buoyancy and help offset the shell's weight, the armadillo gulps air, inflating its stomach and intestines to double their normal size. Well, they’re omnivores, so that means they can eat plants and animals such as insects, ants, palm nuts and fruits. Inversely, drainign the shell allos the animal to better retain heat. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. The number of armored bands identifies the different species, according to the San Diego Zoo. If that’s not enough to spike your interest in these animals, these 30 facts about armadillos will certainly impress you! Armadillos do their foraging during the morning and evenings. Ever Wondered What the Opposite of an Albino Animal is? Link/cite this page. It is an exceptional individual categorized by its shell-like skin. Let’s have a look on some more Only one of the twenty-odd varieties of armadillos — the three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutes tricinctus) — is able to roll up.) A newborn baby armadillo has a soft shell that hardens within the first few days. A keen sense of smell enables the near-sighted armadillo to locate grubs, beetles, insects, snails, worms, ants, and other such gourmet delights that may be buried beneath six inches of soil. Armadillos can be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in color. All armadillos live in Central and South America, except for one species. For example, the Andean hairy armadillo is considered vulnerable because its population has declined by more than 30 percent in the past 10 years. Thank you. The screaming hairy armadillo gets its name from the sound it makes when threatened. Here are 13 Interesting Armadillo facts. At the time of their birth, they only have a soft leathery covering that resembles their distinctive shell. Only one genus, which comprizes the two species of three-banded armadillo, ... A three-banded armadillo and her young. As a whole, armadillos usually have tank-like bodies, with short legs and sturdy builds. I have shot several Armadillo in my day. If an armadillo comes across an obstacle that it can’t burrow under, they can use their fantastic climbing abilities to go over the object! Though they may not be very cuddly, there’s no denying that armadillos are still incredibly cute creatures! The armadillo's hard shell is called a carapace and is made of bone and a tough tissue coating. The armadillo can flush the blood vessels in its shell (hence the pink color), and adjust its body temperature. They have a thick leathery “shell” of skin, which protects them from predators. Armadillos are not social animals – they only get together with other armadillos to mate or keep warm. It is so hard and durable that it can deflect a bullet…as one unlucky Texas man discovered the hard way when he was hospitalized after being hit in the jaw with a bullet that ricocheted off the armadillo he shot. The armadillo is the only mammal that has a shell that is as strong as armor. Michelle Gabriel is a freelance writer and blogger and currently loving it! According to the Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management, armadillos are very picky about where they live based on what type of soil is found in the area. Neither do armadillo babies resemble a dog’s pup in any manner. Famous for their spikes, they play an important role in our ocean’s ecosystems. When it comes to other armadillos who can’t roll up, they will run or dig a hole in order to escape. If the armadillo exposes more of its blood to the cool air it can lower it’s temperature. After a gestation period of two to five months, the female will give birth to one to 12 young in a birthing burrow. Armadillo sizes span from 5-59 inches (12-150cm) in length and 3-120 pounds (1.3-54 kg) in weight. Because of their thin shells and low body fat, armadillos can’t maintain their internal temperature like most other mammals do. Contrary to popular belief, only one species of armadillo can curl up into a ball to defend itself against attacks. The smallest species is just 5 – 6 in. You can eat armadillo, called “possum on the half-shell,” or, during the Great Depression, “Hoover hogs.” They are said to taste somewhat like pork. NY 10036. Armadillos like to live solitary lives. By nine to 12 months, the pups are mature and ready to have offspring of their own. 45. In water, the weight of their shell can easily make them sink, but interestingly, they do not. (Image credit: Robert Eastman Shutterstock
), Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management, National Wildlife Federation: Nine-Banded Armadillo. They also have wiry hairs along their sides and belly, which they use to feel their way around, like curb feelers on some cars. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. The median life expectancy for three-banded armadillos is around 16 years. 7.If an armadillo is surprised by a predator on open terrain, it will retreat its feet under the shell's edge and touches the soil with the edges of the shell. It is highly-territorial and always marks its territory. Twenty Terrific Facts About The Number 20, 100 Festive Facts To Get You Ready For Christmas. The nine-banded armadillo is the official state animal of Texas. This makes up for the fact that they have poor eyesight. Their alien look and behavior have made a rather big cloud of myths and stories about them. No baby armadillos are not born with their distinctive shell. Actually, the armadillo originates from the tropical area of South America over 3 million years ago and it is slowly making its way up through the United States. Armadillos are the only mammals that have a body that is covered with a hard shell. When frightened the 9-banded Armadillos jump 3-4 feet vertically into the air. — is able to roll up. The armadillo catenin family contains the first investigated members of the ARM protein superfamily. However, while females are exclusive with their territories, males tend to overlap into those of others.
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